10 of the Most Common Types of Grass

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Finding the perfect grass type for your lawn is essential. To raise a lovely lawn, you need to know the right type of grass to grow in your environment. Choosing the right grass might seem challenging, but it becomes easy once you know about the most popular options out there and their respective characteristics.

There are so many species of lawn grasses and different varieties, but the most common species can be shortlisted for easy selection. Grasses are classified into two types: cool-season grasses and warm-season grasses. Warm-season grasses survive easily in the southern environments while the cold season grasses thrive more in the northern climates. The survival of these grasses depends on how they can tolerate winters’ harsh conditions and hot summers.

A healthy green lawn

What to Consider When Looking at Types of Grass

Northern or Southern Part of the United States

The first thing to consider when choosing a type of grass for your lawn is your current location. If you live in the southern part of the country, then warm-season grasses will thrive in your location. These types of grass thrive well in warmer climates and can deal with the stress of hotter temperatures.

The best types of grass for the southern regions include Zoysia grass, Bermuda grass, St. Augustine grass, and Bahia grass.

On the other hand, if you live in the Northern part of the USA, cool-season grasses will do better. These types of grass can handle the colder climate.

Included in cool-season grasses are Kentucky blue grass, fine fescue, tall fescue, and perennial ryegrass.

Characteristics of Different Grass Types

Different types of grass have different characteristics. Some grasses, for instance, can stand heavy foot traffic better than others. Other types may have shade tolerance or may be low maintenance.

Cool-Season Grasses

Kentucky Bluegrass

Kentucky bluegrass is one of the best cool-season options. Their seeds germinate quickly and grow into broad blades. Kentucky bluegrass is ideal with its softness for children. The deep green color of the Kentucky bluegrass makes for one of the most attractive lawns. Kentucky bluegrass is also soft, which makes it great for families with children. The excellent root penetration and strength of the Kentucky bluegrass makes it suitable for both seed and sod.

A luscious lawn with kentucky bluegrass
Kentucky bluegrass

Fine Fescue

Fine fescue grass is another cool-season grass that is more durable than Kentucky bluegrass. Unlike the bluegrass that struggles under the shade, fine fescue is shade tolerant. It grows relatively fast and will give a lawn a subtle green color. It is also soft, which is great for families with kids and a barefoot barbecue evening.

An image showing a tuft of fine fescue
Fine fescue

Perennial Ryegrass

This cool-season grass creates a lawn that is soft and can resist heavy foot traffic. Perennial ryegrass is one of the most tolerant of all cool-season grasses and is relatively low maintenance.

This image shows perennial ryegrass which is a type of ornamental
Perennial Ryegrass

Tall Fescue

Tall fescue is a cool-season grass with improved temperature resistance. It is also disease and drought tolerant. The tall fescue has a dark green color and has wider blades than the fine fescue.

A lawn composed of tall fescue
Tall Fescue

Warm-Season Grasses

Centipede Grass

Centipede grass is a warm-season grass that grows horizontally and it is suitable for all contour of the landscaping. Centipede grass offers an appropriate backdrop for lawns and backyard playing spaces. The bright green blades of the grass will give your lawn an attractive look.

A lawn with grasses that are leaning to the left of the image composed of centipede grass
Centipede grass

Bermuda Grass

Bermuda grass requires extra care but can make a lawn look amazing. Bermuda grass is another one of the warm season grasses that is delicate, soft, and pointed. If you want a lawn that looks luxurious, you should consider this grass. That being said, you will need to be consistent with the fertilizing, watering, and mowing of the grass.

Bermuda grass in display with the foreground slightly blurred out
Bermuda grass

Zoysia grass

Zoysia grass has amazing warm weather resistance, and it can survive under limited water conditions. The blades of this grass are pointed and feel stiff. Zoysia grass grows very slowly and is a great low maintenance warm-season grass.

This image is a picture entirely filled with the broad leaves of zoysia grass.
Zoysia grass

St. Augustine Grass

The blue-green blades of St. Augustine grass will make your lawn look aesthetically pleasing. The turf of St. Augustine grass is firm and carpet-like. It is popular for its resistance to heat and its drought-tolerance.

A picture of St. Augustine yard
St. Augustine grass

Bahia Grass

Bahia grass is valued for its temperature and drought tolerance. The texture of the turf is coarse and durable. This grass can survive where other lawn grass seeds will struggle to grow. Additionally, the turf does not require frequent maintenance.

This picture shows some bahia with the growth of a couple weed
Bahia grass

Buffalo Grass

Another warm season grass is Buffalo grass. It forms a uniform, attractive lawn that is soft and dense. The great thing about this warm-season grass is that it can also thrive in drought and high-temperature conditions. Buffalo grass forms a thick turf that can survive under the shade.

Buffalo Grass

Overall, the best type of grass for your yard is determined by many factors. These factors include how attractive you want the lawn to be, how much foot traffic you will have, and your home’s weather condition. We hope that by knowing about these different types of grass, the decision will become much more straightforward for you.

Happy Planting!

About the author: Jeffrey Douglas is a horticultural hobbyist that loves everything related to plants and gardening. He specializes in gardens and houseplants. Read More

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